Gemstones, Diamonds, Pearls -
My Shopping Cart My Account Gem Library
|Welcome to|Single Stones|Calibrated Stones|Pairs|Mix Lots|Closeouts|Carved Gems|lapidary and gemological tools and supplies|Gem Smart Search|
Home / Gem Library / Gemstones Varieties / Iolite September 24, 2021

Natural Iolite

Also known as dichroite, water sapphire, and cordierite, Iolite is a blue silicate mineral that occurs as crystals or grains in igneous rocks. When clean, blue iolite can be faceted to produce beautiful gemstones.

  • There are 1 Iolite gemstones available at
  • Iolite(s) are organized in the following categories: Single,  gemstones.

Iolite Profile

Color information: violet, blue, dark blue,
Refractive Index: 1.53 - 1.55
Chemical Composition: MG2AL4SI5O18
Hardness: 7 - 7.5
Density: 2.57 - 2.66
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Ocurrence: Sri Lanka, Burma, India, Madagascar, Canada, Namibia, Tanzania, Norway, U.S.A., Brazil, Namibia
Sign of the Zodiac: N/A
Month of the year: N/A
Iolite derives its name from the Greek word 'io', meaning violet flower. It is distinctive because of its strong pleochroism .. hence the name dichroite. Depending on the angle from which it is viewed, a stone can vary from bluish-purple to a wan grey-yellow. Sometimes iolite is also known as 'water sapphire' because a clear stone can resemble a slightly violet sapphire.

Iolite is somewhat brittle and is often cut into stepped rectangles. Its strong pleochroism makes orientation an important factor in determining the best way to cut the stone. Iolite is an inexpensive gemstone but as with almost every other gemstone, large clean sizes are rare and much more valuable. The best iolites come from Sri Lanka, Madagascar, and Burma. Iolite has enjoyed a recent resurgence in popularity due to its affordability and similarity to tanzanite and sapphire at a much lower price.

The largest iolite crystal ever found weighed more than 24,000 carats, and was discovered in Wyoming, USA.

Looking for other Gemstones?

Search Gems by Color | Advance Search | Step-by-Step Search Wizard

Search for:
Search Site Gems
Enter keywords or item #. (i.e ruby or YDFG97a).
Shopping Cart: Empty

Gem Library/
Gems Legend and  Lore Gems Legend and Lore
Some of the latest of ways that gems have been associated with Birthstones and Signs of the Zodiac.
Understanding Gemstones Understanding Gemstones
Learn about Physical and Optical properties, color, clarity and cut of gemstones.
Gems Glossary Gems Glossary
Ever wonder what are "Blemish", "Luster", "Saturation" "Uniformity" or "Mine Run" means?
Reference and  Links Reference and Links
Recommended books and links to Gem, Jewelry&Mineral Magazines, Gem Institutes and Labs.

 Top of Page Need help?  

Gemstones for sale: Alexandrite, Garnet, Diamond, Opal, Spinel, Sapphire, Tourmaline, Tanzanite, Tsavorite,
Gemstones by Category: Calibrated, Carving, Closeout, Jewelry, Mixed Lot, Pair, Rough, Single, Best Sellers or Featured Gemstones.
Gemstone education: Colored Gemstones Guide, Gems Library, Gemstone Treatments, Gemstone Glossary, Gems and Astrology,

All Transactions secure by Thawte certificate - click here to validate Ebay Power Seller Gem Certification Various Shipping Options Major Credit Cards Accepted

All trademarks and logos shown herein are the property of their respective owners. © Copyright, 1998-2011. All rights reserved. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of Return Policy, Privacy Policy and Trading Guarantee. Published and operated by David Wein Ltd. 32 Hollywood Road, Central, Hong Kong Island Hong Kong. Lost? Check site map or resources page.

Site design and maintenance by NetComposite ®.