Scapolite, which is Greek for "rod" or "shaft," is commonly found in stubby to long prismatic tetragonal crystals with a square or octahedral cross-sections. Scapolite has a density of 2.57-2.74 and a refractive index of 1.540-1.579 which is identical to quartz.
Faceted purple scapolite can be especially difficult to differentiate from amethyst because the specific gravity and refractive index are identical. Without specialized high tech analytical equipment, the only way to separate the stones is with a plot of the optic character.
With a hardness of 6, scapolite will take a good polish and produce bright and brilliant stones. Faceted yellow brownish cabochon cats eyes are not uncommon and relatively inexpensive while large the purple stones recently discovered in Tanzania are rather expensive due to their attractive color and rarity.
Scapolite, is a sodium calcium aluminum silicate with a rather complex chemical composition. Scapolite is actually the name of an isomorphic mineral series ranging from the sodium chloride rich mineral known as Marialite (Na4CL(Al3Si 9O24) to the calcium carbonate rich mineral referred to as Meionite (Ca4(SO4CO3)( (Al6Si 6O24).